Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world at 8848 meters. It is located in the Mahalangur Himal on the border between the Nepalese Khumbu region and the north of Tibet. On both sides it is surrounded by a vast sanctuary, on the Nepal side of the Sagarmatha National Park, on the Tibetan side of the Qomolangma National Nature Reserve. The mountain was named after the British surveyor George Everest, the “Surveyor General of India,” head of India’s large-scale trigonometric survey by the British in the mid-19th century. Older, common among the locals names were not considered at that time. In Nepal, the mountain is referred to as Sagarmatha “Forehead of Heaven”,in Tibetan as Qomolangma “Mother of the Universe”.
The first ascent of the mountain succeeded the New Zealander Edmund Hillary and the Nepali Tenzing Norgay on May 29, 1953 as a participant in a British expedition. The South Tyrolean Reinhold Messner and the Austrian Peter Habeler were the first people to reach the summit without using artificial oxygen on May 8, 1978. Other Major Ascents
Over 6000 times Mount Everest has been climbed over the years, two-thirds of the Southern Nepalese Route (pdf) , about the Tibetan Northern Route (pdf) . The proportion of all other routes on the mountain is less than one percent. Only about 150 climbers of the total succeeded in climbing without artificial oxygen. Still, the oxygen-free ascent of Mount Everest poses an extreme challenge at the limit of human performance. Our goal is to reach the summit via the Northern Ridge (Tibet) without the use of bottled oxygen. The route over the north ridge today leads from the ABC (6400 m – Advanced Base Camp or Advanced Base Camp) with three high camps (7000 m, 7800 m, 8300 m) to the summit. The key points are a steep, torn ice flank up to the North Col (7000 m), and the three steep steps of the North Ridge, “First”, “Second” and “Third Step” on the summit stage, before the highest point is reached. On a clear day, the roof of the world presents a superlative summit panorama .
From the 6th of April to the 6th of June 2015 we are on our expedition to Mount Everest. After arriving in Kathmandu, Nepal (1300 m) we travel by bus via Kodari (1660 m) to Zhangmu, Tibet (2350 m). In Nyalam (3800 m) we spend two acclimatization days, before we continue by jeep to Tingri (4350 m). Then it goes to the paddock or Chinese base camp at 5200 meters altitude. After two days of acclimatization we board the intermediate camp (6200 m) to the Advanced Base Camp or Advanced Base Camp (ABC 6400 m), which we meet with the film team of Third Pole and some other individual climbers will share, and that from AMICAL alpine , the organizer of our trust. It will be our home and retreat for the 44 days we have to climb the mountain. Then it’s the same way back to Kathmandu. From the course of our adventure, we have constantly reported in the Expedition Diary Mount Everest 2015.