The Makalu is with 8463 m the fifth highest mountain of our earth. His name comes from Sanskrit and means in German “the great black man” (Maha Kala). It is located at 27 ° 53 ‘3 “N, 87 ° 5’ 20” E, only 22 kilometers as the crow flies, separating it from the highest mountain in the world, the 8850 meter high Mount Everest located further to the east in Solu Khumbu. The Makalu itself is located in the middle of the Makalu-Barun National Park and Conservation Area, founded in 1992. It covers an area of 2330 square miles, adjacent to the western Sagarmatha National Park of Nepal and Tibet’s Qomolangma Natural Reserve “Connects in the north.